Diabetes

Edward Carrington, MD -  - Primary Care

Edward Carrington, MD

Primary Care located in Mesa, AZ

Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to serious health problems, and almost 10% of the United States population has diabetes. More than 33% of U.S. adults have prediabetes, the first stage of diabetes, and most don’t know they have it. At Edward A. Carrington, MD, in Mesa, Arizona, Dr. Carrington screens for and treats prediabetes and diabetes to boost your quality of life and prevent serious health complications. Book an appointment by phone or online today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health condition that develops when your body can’t regulate the amount of sugar in your blood. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin (Type 1 diabetes), isn’t able to properly use insulin (Type 2 diabetes), or a combination of both. Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy and may go away after delivery.

Complications of uncontrolled blood sugar related to diabetes include:

  • Heart disease
  • Kidney damage
  • Nerve damage
  • Feet problems
  • Eye damage
  • Depression
  • Dementia
  • Hearing impairment
  • Skin conditions

Prediabetes is the beginning stage of diabetes, and occurs when blood sugar levels are high but not yet high enough to be classified as diabetes. You can often reverse prediabetes with lifestyle changes.

What are the risk factors for diabetes?

Numerous factors increase your risk of developing diabetes, such as:

  • Genetics, especially in Type 1 diabetes
  • A family history of diabetes
  • Being overweight
  • A sedentary lifestyle
  • Older age
  • Having high blood pressure or high cholesterol

You can’t always avoid getting diabetes, but leading a healthy lifestyle and maintaining a healthy weight drastically reduce your risk of developing it.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

If you experience one or more of the following symptoms, check in with Dr. Carrington to get screened for diabetes:

  • Extreme hunger
  • Increase in thirst and urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Irritability
  • Fatigue
  • Slow-healing wounds
  • Frequent infections
  • Blurred vision

Diabetes screening involves taking a small sample of your blood and testing the amount of sugar in it.

What is the treatment for diabetes?

The treatment for diabetes depends on which type you have. If you have prediabetes, lifestyle changes may be all you need to lower your blood sugar and prevent Type 2 diabetes.

Lifestyle changes

Making lifestyle changes can improve blood sugar control. Examples include losing weight if you’re overweight, reducing refined carbohydrates and total calories, eating more fruits and vegetables, and getting regular exercise at least 30 minutes most days of the week.

Oral diabetes medications

If you have Type 2 diabetes, your doctor may recommend oral diabetes medications to help control blood sugar.

Insulin injections

If you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, insulin injections replace the insulin your body lacks to better control blood sugar. Your doctor lets you know how to inject insulin and when to take it.

You may require more than one diabetes treatment. For example, you might need oral diabetes medications and insulin injections to maximize blood sugar control. Lifestyle changes can help reduce the number of medications you require, and regular blood sugar monitoring is important.

To get tested for diabetes or prediabetes, or to properly manage these diseases, call Dr. Carrington’s office to schedule an appointment or book one online today.